What do you know about ginger farming in Nigeria? We sure know that ginger can be consumed as medicine, a delicacy or spice. The medicinal value of this great ancient spice is widely recognized across the world.
Nigeria is one of the top producing countries of Ginger in the world. Locally, ginger is well known and it is in high demand despite being expensive. Kaduna is the highest producer of the crop followed by Gombe, Bauchi, Benue, Nassarawa as major producers. Ginger is widely available in various forms; fresh ginger rhizome, powder ginger, and dry ginger rhizome.
For Ginger farming to improve, the following is required,
- Mulched fertile soil. Loam is the most preferred soil type.
- Ridges must be made in order to plant the crop.
- A minimum of 1500mm of annual rainfall is needed.
- An average daily temperature of about 30 degrees centigrade.
- Viable ginger rhizomes with buds
- Good drainage to prevent water logging/ Flooding.
Ginger requires the right kind of nutrients to sustain its growth and maximum yield, especially in the humid environment. Ginger is cultivated vegetatively from its rhizomes. The vegetative propagation of ginger involves the following steps;
Step One: Land Preparation and Manuring
Get the land well prepared. If the land is being used for continuous cropping, then organic manure or compost manure should be broadcasted in the farm continuously so as to enrich the soil.
Ensure to evenly distribute the manure and allow rain to fall on it for the first time. Once this has happened, go on to the next step immediately.
Step Two: Planting.
Start planting immediately in columns or in rows in order to make harvesting very easy. You can also use organic or inorganic fertilizers can be used. Compost manure is better. In Nigeria, when growing ginger, it is better to use N.P.K 15:15:15 which is applied twice. The First application is twenty days after planting at a rate of 4 bags per hectare. The second application is about 40 days after the first application at the rate of 2 bags per hectare.
Step Three: Insulation.
In this third stage, the whole hectare of land is covered with grasses. It is worthy of note that grasses that produce weeds are not to be used. Elephant grass is a perfect material for this purpose. Insulation is done to prevent direct sunlight from reaching the seed. If sunlight reaches the seed, they will dry up inside the ground, leading to no germination. Once the whole area has been insulated, it will be left for about two to three weeks for the seed to germinate.
Step Four: Weeding.
The next step is weeding which is done by hand. Using machetes or cutlasses to weed your ginger farm will destroy the seeds in the course of weeding.
Step Five: Harvesting.
On the average, it takes nine months from the time of planting ginger to mature. In Nigeria, harvesting begins in October and runs all through May. Ginger rhizomes can be harvested by hand or with machines such as mechanical digger.
Step Six: Preservation.
Well preserved/ dried ginger has more market values than the wet ones. Preservation is done by cutting transversely or longitudinally and then spreading under the sun.
Step Seven: Storage and Packaging.
Depending on how you want to sell your ginger, dried ginger is packaged can be stored in a 50kg bag or any capacity. It is advisable to store ginger in a cool dry place until you wish to sell them.
This article was referenced from http://nigerianfinder.com/ginger-farming-in-nigeria-step-by-step-guide/